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http://zgm.mn/post/923/

History of OT: How conspiracy theorists came to power

​In places where gap between rich and poor is wide, society easily believes in conspiracies​

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http://zgm.mn/post/923/


Books such as “Confessions of an economic hitman” by John Perkins were translated and were being distributed for free to the public. The patriots cited them every day on TV. The book describes about how the U.S and western governments, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and other international organizations, and others, namely intelligence agency and military forces, plunder Asian, African, Latin American countries and rob them of their natural resources, insult their citizens and pollute the environment and take off masks of secret bosses in details. This book turned into the bible for our patriots. Everybody ranging from those who wanted to become a lawmaker in the parliament to local bullies memorized this book and melodically read from any part and asked others to memorize it. Actually, none of them saw thousands of criticism and ridicules written after the book was published. Even if they saw it, what will they do? Perkins, the author, worked for two years in Ecuador through Peace Corps when he was a student. Later, he became a writer that took off the mask of America and “Confessions of an economic hitman” was the most successful book and was translated into many languages.

This may be the most provocative book of the 21st century. Works such as ”the Communist Manifesto” of Karl Marx, “Mein Kampf” of Adolf Hitler and “One-dimensional Man” of Herbert Marcuse explained secret conspiracies of capitalists and Jews and stirred up many people that can not think critically of something and almost uprooted the world. Economic critics said “Perkins’s story is false”, “not evidence based”, “the facts used in the book are false” and literature critics wrote “sensational”, “false and made up story to gain easy recognition and sell his book”, psychologists and sociologists considered, “it is based on a conspiracy theory and provoked people of the third world and attempted to create public disorder”. 1970 Indonesian loan cited by Perkins actually reduced illiteracy rate of this country by two third and infant mortality rate by half. Conspiracy theory is not something new. It probably dates back to the formation of ancient societies. The origin of conspiracy theories is in the human nature.

It comes from human imagination and fantasy. Social inequality is the fertile soil for a successful conspiracy theory. A person who believes in conspiracy theory, first of all, acts negatively towards the supposed conspirators. They express it in exaggerated form, develops a list of supposed negative intentions and personal immorality of the conspirator. Then, they feel they have no moral and ethical restrictions when fighting against this evil monster. He even goes beyond legally restricted rights to fight and does not consider that as a crime, but a heroic deed. If he is at the bottom of the society, he truly becomes a public hero. This can be temporary or can continue for a long time. In places where gap between rich and poor is wide, social inequality is clearly visible, social experience and consciousness are weak, average education and knowledge is poor, members of such society easily believe in conspiracy theory. The conspiracy theory carries addiction and this becomes chronic. Even simple facts will be understood out of its context in an exaggerated way. The chronic addicts are paranoids and the society can go paranoid because of them.

Mongolia is still clinging to old conspiracies and suspicions

The conspiracy theory dates back to ancient times. It is a genre that is common in today’s so-called sensational literature, especially in Hollywood movies. Highly educated society sees conspiracy theory as fun and game; however, paranoid individuals and society are very sensitive to conspiracy theories. “Documentary” that featured President Bush as an organizer of 9/11 and that he does business with Arabs won several awards in movie festivals and created a huge sensation; however, American society did not believe it and Bush was re-elected. Whole Mongolian society was trembling. There are many conspiracy theories that have minor consequence such as the moon landing is not true, CIA killed Kennedy, Putin organized Moscow apartment building explosions, Paul McCartney died in 1966 and current Paul McCartney is a look-alike.There are also widely spread global conspiracy theories, such as secret Jewish organization plundered the world’s resources and Anglo-American riches and elites rule the world through a secret organization, oil billionaires rob poor countries and wall-street exploits all people.

Thousands of books, brochures, movies, dramas and plays have been written and made about these conspiracy theories. Since man have a natural attitude to blame others for his misfortune, this thinking have a sufficient demand and market. Researchers conclude that it is impossible for powerful “conspirators” to exist in today’s condition and therefore, it was even more impossible in the medieval era. Only paranoid people can think that a few crooks can control the world with seven billion people who have reached the height of information and technology. Karl Popper described that dictatorial regimes use conspiracy theory as a main ideological weapon and cited concrete examples of Fascism, Nazism, and Stalinism in his book “Open society and its Enemies”. They appeal, lead and force the public to fight against the imaginary conspirators. Conspiracy theories dominate the ideologies of newly independent countries of Asia and Africa. It also plays an important role in the societies of new democratic countries. This means certain social groups create extremism using social backwardness in order to reach their goal. There are many cases where conspiracy theory was used to intimidate the society and took the state power.

It has almost been 100 years since conspiracy theory has become the main ideological weapon in Mongolia. There was a tragedy that about 20 percent of adult male population were shot dead under the conspiracy that Japan was going to invade Mongolia and for a probability that their spies were everywhere in the country. How many years did we fight against American Imperialism, which we have never seen? It has been about 20 years since we had free society; however, we are still clinging to old conspiracy and suspicion. Therefore, it is very easy to stir up trouble from abroad through a conspiracy. “Wall Street Journal” is the most influential media that global business entrepreneurs’ and investors trust. Everybody trusts this newspaper. However, Gabe Collins and Andrew Erickson, announced Mongolia as the most unreliable investment destination every time. One of them is a professor and the other is an owner of “China Sign Post” newspaper. People with good reputation that you have to trust what they write... What interest do they have to block western investment in Mongolia? Somebody once said, “China paid”.

• Highly educated society sees conspiracy theory as fun and game; however, paranoid individuals and society are very sensitive to conspiracy theories.

• There was a tragedy that about 20 percent of adult male population were shot dead under the conspiracy that Japan was going to invade Mongolia.

• Because of the lawmakers, all investments were stopped and the country was facing a crisis and risk of no revenue.

An example of how someone equipped with conspiracy theory becomes a public hero in our society is the so-called Feng-shui Ganbaatar. I saw a documentary about him called “Paranoid” more than a decade ago. I made a small medical analysis of his gestures, talks and logic and described the medical diagnosis and cited from a medical textbook. It was very believable. He was lying through his teeth. He says that he became an economist in England and was highly valued there and even managed a bank and corporation, earning GBP 28,000 per month; however, he came back for the sake of Mongolia. I saw him cleaning manhole and sewerage and wore street cleaner’s clothes in London with my own eyes. Immigrant Mongolians do not do such work; the lowly ones do such work. He is a good person to many who bought British and Irish visa from him. He did not graduate any school or specialized into something. He just had high school education and there are many who remembers what he was promising during the election.

He talked about a conspiracy and scared people and identified himself as someone who will crush the monsters and conspirators. Today, he is the most beloved politician of the public, according to a sociological survey. Fyodor Dostoyevsky said “Every citizen has a state that deserves them”. Now, he is the Oyu Tolgoi hero. This man who does not have accounting nor basic literacy skills, combined rumors and suspicions he have heard, with versions he mis-saw and talked about it distorting his face and scared people. He decided to save his people from destruction. He is a funny man, poor thing. When he debated with former Minister of Finance Bayartsogt Sangajav on TV, he was acting like a patient in psychiatric department. Well, Bayartsogt is also his match. He was demanding knowledge from this person and looked down on him like he only graduated elementary school. Who gave him such rights? Ganbaatar also goes around and inspects various companies and businesses like he is an inspector of Nikolai Gogol’s novels, accompanied by many cameramen and media people.

He reportedly took the case to an international military court together with his Mozambican friend. Now he is shining, joined by his younger sister. He is now reportedly working all over the world to protect South Gobi residents as “indigenous people” according to international standards. The international community protects indigenous people like Aborigines, Indians, and Maori from extinction through this standard. South Gobi residents are Mongolians, namely, Khalkha Mongolians, majority of Mongolian population. That younger sister of him estimated that it would be good to close Oyu Tolgoi now and then open it again after 30 years. She said the Parliament should pass a law that says there should be one lawmaker from one family; otherwise, it is going to create much trouble. Huh!? Twins of Ganbaatar are everywhere in the Parliament and also in the Cabinet. Many people from these places forced Oyu Tolgoi to hire their relatives. Some are even named as “sister of that lawmaker”. That person became a boss with high salary and comes to work at 12PM and goes home at 3pm.

While in office, that person threatens his employers and demands many things. If that demand is not met, that younger brother/sister will cause much trouble in the hall of the top legislative body and on TV or in streets. This results in a shock that affects stock exchanges and fall in shares; thus, obstructing the development. Therefore, we have to tolerate, be afraid, intimidated and just give away what is demanded. I wrote about a lawmaker that threatened using law and robbed MNT 9 billion before. Because of the lawmakers, all investments were stopped and the country was facing a crisis and risk of no revenue. Maybe, that is good. There is nothing to fight about and can go around begging. That is not something new for us. We have done it before. Further, those who are waiting in line to get a food to eat will obstruct everything. The former President assigned the Government to clarify five issues argued by the heroes of never-ending discussions in order to sort them out. It was to get facts and figures about who is robbing who? Actually, all these issues are due to the agreement that was made wrong and does not comply with international practices. The source of all this argument goes back to the ownership of 34 percent of a foreign company that we bought by borrowing to develop the mine.

If borrowed, a loan has to be repaid. If we are responsible for the loan, the other side has no interest to save cost. If the ownership were to be increased to the demanded 50 percent, it would have been went out of control. This was legalized by not the few who negotiated, but those patriotic lawmakers of the top legislative body. Now, this became very hysterical. It is wrong that Bayartsogt, who had an account abroad did not include it in this income declaration. However, this affair became an exciting deed to behead Oyu Tolgoi. Look at those patriotic lawmakers who are dragging it to that direction and look as if they are on the edge of reaching orgasm. If it is proven that this big and responsible company gave a bribery to the negotiators, they will simply go bankrupt. Their law is like that. The company will go bankrupt and the owners will be in jail. This company is enlisted at stock exchanges and have mutual assets of millions of people. Therefore, it has to report to shareholders even if it purchased a toilet paper. If any attempt to cheat owners of that asset or bribery or corruption cases were to be discovered, all business goes bankrupt, as that is the essence of laws. Therefore, it needs to be proved. No need to chase them out, they will be sent to jail. The patriots will be satisfied for some time. Then, they will go to the next hunt.

2013.5.28

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Ts.Davaasuren: OT sat idle for 5 years after power plant permit

​Review of working group on OT may include termination penalty of PSCA ​

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Earlier this week, the Minister of Energy Davaasuren Tserenpil gave an interview to a local media outlet “iToim.mn” on recent scandalous deals in the energy sector, including the Power Sector Cooperation Agreement (PSCA) with Oyu Tolgoi, and expressed Mongolia’s position on them.

-Will the Government renegotiate Eastern Energy System agreement? Why was the contracted get terminated?

-The agreement violated the article 7.3 of the Investment Agreement, which states to draw electricity from the territory of Mongolia within four years of operation. In other words, the Parliament-consented agreement was hard to amend for the Cabinet without having to negotiated with the Parliament. Thus, the agreement was terminated. Arnaud Soirat, Chief executive of Copper and Diamonds of Rio Tinto Group, said some uncanny remark that the company will establish the plant if the Cabinet issues a demand to draw electricity domestically within four years. That mister still do not understand the Investment Agreement. They accepted that responsibility under the investment Agreement. They were obliged to draw electricity within four years after commencing operations due in 2017. I do not understand what this mister meant by “issuing a demand”.

Generators with over 240MW cannot be installed in Mongolia

-It seems that the location of the power station is currently under discussion?

-I am curious about that. They received a 5-years permission to build the station at the mine from our ministry in July 2012. The permit was expired in 2017. Nothing has been done within that period. They should stop playing with the Government of Mongolia. They did not lift a finger before the Southern Region Power Sector Cooperation Agreement. The 2014 Tavan Tolgoi negotiation was also the same. Therefore, the Cabinet decided to terminate the contract.

-Will the Tavan Tolgoi coal-fired power station project continue?

-The Parliament and Cabinet expressed their position that Mongolia will build the power plant based on Tavan Tolgoi residual coal deposits. It is up to them to select the three options proposed through the Investment Agreement.

-Although Oyu Tolgoi promised to draw power from Mongolia within four years after commencing operations, they violated the agreement. Will they be held accountable for that?

-The Government established a working group on some issues concerning high loan interest, tax act and violation of investment agreement. The group may report their review on that.

-What about Baganuur power station? Are there are talks on terminating the agreement? There are rumors that the Government will go under MNT 512 billion debt if the contract is terminated.

-As for the compensation, there are talks about potential risks with that amount. It does not mean we are obliged to pay them. The thing is, some compensation may come up after the contract termination. It does not mean the power station’s high technology is not incompatible to Mongolia. They are planning to install high-capacity generator that are not suitable for Mongolia’s system. Generators with over 240MW cannot be install in Mongolia. Because we manage our system by drawing 240MW power from the Russian Federation. We will not be able to manage higher generators. The contract was negotiated regardless of the incompatibility. We demanded the investors to install a system compatible with Mongolia. We did not discuss any termination of contract.

-Democratic Party’s group in the Parliament made a statement demanding the Cabinet’s dismissal. What is your position on this?

-Cabinet penalized the related officials regarding the issues around the Ministry of Road and Transport Development. The officials themselves resigned from their position, acknowledging their responsibility.

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Salary discussion may return as Labor Minister hints of a draft

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Cabinet held its regular session yesterday and approved the appointment of Khaltar Luvsan, Vice President of Ulaanbaatar Railway Joint Stock Venture, as the Deputy Minister of Road and Transport Development. The session also touched upon the establishment of Development center for the Disabled, electoral budget of the repolling and national program on children’s dental care. After the session, Minister of Labor and Social Protection Chinzorig Sodnom informed that he is planning to organize a trilateral meeting with the Government and Confederation of Mongolian Trade Unions. He then highlighted that he will be presenting a bill on salary raise to the Cabinet next week.

GOVT TO BOOST EMPLOYMENT BY TRAINING THE DISABLED

At the initiative of the Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa, the Cabinet issued a resolution to establish a Development Center for the Disabled (DCD). In doing so, 35 employees of Rehabilitation and Training Center will be transferred to the the DCD without having to allocate extra financing from the State Budget. According to statistics, 103,630 people, which equals 3.3 percent of the entire population, is currently disabled and 42 percent of households that have a disabled member are poverty-struck. Only 28 percent of disabled people between the age of 15 and 59 are employed and 43 percent of 6-18 years old children are illiterate.

MNT 390 MILLION ALLOCATED FOR REPOLL

Cabinet approved to allocate MNT 390 million for the repolling in the 42nd electoral district at the session. The electoral budget will be financed from the Cabinet’s reserve fund, of which MNT 228.1 million will be spent on the Parliamentary repolling, while the remaining MNT 162.5 million has been allocated for the reelections of Citizens’ Representative Khural of Bulgan, Dornogobi, Dornod, Sukhbaatar, Orkhon, Khentii, Zavkha and Gobi-Altai aimags according to the Cabinet.

NATIONAL PROGRAM ON CHILDREN'S DENTAL HYGIENE

Healthy Teeth - Healthy Children program to be implemented nationwide in 2018-2022. The program financing of MNT 37 billion is expected to be allocated from the State Budget, foreign aid, investment, public, private sector partnerships and other sources. By maintaining sustainable financing and developing cooperation of multiple sectors, the program aims to improve the quality of children’s dental care service and reduce dental prevalence of children by 30 percent and cavity by four points. The decision is related to the increased dental problems among children. A study conducted in 2011 shows that around 87-96 percent of 5-6 years old children 65.3 percent of 12 year olds and 67.5 percent of adults had cavity and experts perceive the number has increased in recent years. Presently, a total of 1049 dental clinics operate throughout the country, of which 77 percent of them are state-owned. The Cabinet highlighted to supply necessary equipment, workforces to local clinics and support welfare and insurance for the public.

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Economy grows 6.3 percent on the back of consumer sector

​Average income of households rises 13.7 percent compared to last year​

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National Statistics Office released the preliminary results of social and economic situations of 2017. Driven by the upswing in tax revenue, goods and services, the economy grew to MNT 8 trillion, a 6.3 percent growth. In details, service sector grew 5.8 percent to MNT 184.9 billion, wholesales and retail - 9 percent to MNT 73.7 billion, net taxes on products - 21.4 percent to MNT 192.1 billion. The monthly average income of household jumped 13.7 percent year-over-year, to MNT 1.1 million. Key drivers were the average salary growth of MNT 46.4 thousand and MNT 28.5 thousand or 41.7 percent raise in income from non-agricultural production and services. The household expenditures averaged at MNT 1.1 million, which is MNT 96.7 thousand or 9.7 percent higher than the same period of last year. This was driven by an increase of MNT 73.1 thousand or 9.7 percent in non-food expenses and services and other expenditure. In the first 7 months of 2018, total equilibrated revenue and grants of the Government Budget reached MNT 5 trillion, and total expenditure and net lending amounted to MNT 4.8 trillion. As such, the budget balance totalled MNT 291.3 billion in surplus. Another highlight was the 33 percent surge (year-over-year) in tax revenue, reaching MNT 4.5 trillion. Specifically, value added tax revenue hiked 34.1 percent, income tax - 31.5 percent, excise taxes - 68.5 percent, social welfare income - 20.5 percent, others - 33 percent and revenue from foreign activities jumped 39 percent. The State revenue accounted for 79.6 percent of tax revenue, 10.3 percent of non-tax revenue, 7.3 percent of the future heritage fund and 2.8 percent of stabilization fund. In the first 7 months of 2018, total expenditure and net lending of the General Government Budget amounted to MNT 4.8 trillion, increased by MNT 271.9 billion or 6.1 percent compared to the same period of the previous year. The General Government expenditure and net lending accounted for 84.3 percent of current expenditure, 11.8 percent of capital expenditure and 3.9 percent of net lending. In addition, inflation increased by 5.5 percent in July.


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Deputy of “Absent” ministry appointed

​Vise President of Ulaanbaatar Railway to serve as the Deputy Minister of Road​

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Board of Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) convened yesterday to discuss the replacement for the Deputy Minister of Road and Transport Development and appointed Khaltar Luvsan, Vice President of Ulaanbaatar Railway Joint Venture Company. Aside from Mr. Khaltar, Amarsanaa Baatar, who ran in the Parliamentary election, and Galsandondog Damdin, former Governor of Khovd aimag, were named as potential candidates. Last week, the Cabinet dismissed the Minister of Road and Transport Development, his deputy and state secretary. Although the minister’s dismissal has to go through the Parliament, the Cabinet has the right to appoint and dismiss the deputy and state secretary. In addition, the Cabinet has appointed Mergen Rentsen, Head of Policy Implementation and Coordination Department of the Ministry of Road and Transport Development (MRTD), as the State Secretary of the Ministry. Resignation of Bat-Erdene Jadamba, former Minister of MRTD, is yet to be confirmed as the law requires the Parliament’s approval. Deputy Prime Minister Enkhtuvshin Ulziisaikhan who is also appointed as the Acting Minister of MRTD explains that the decision was a measure to prevent further delay of the ministry. He added that he will pay extra attention to staff selection process. The ministry was also ordered to prepare reports on investment plan performance, 2019 budget plan, construction of Khushig Valley airport, Transportation and Logistics Center in Umnugobi aimag, road construction in Ulaanbaatar-Darkhan-Altanbulag route, rehabilitation of bridges, and winter preparation.