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http://zgm.mn/post/798/

Hysterical biography of lawmakers

​Mongolian Parliament from time to time pays too much attention to minor issues​

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http://zgm.mn/post/798/


Then-Foreign Minister Zandanshatar Gombojav was identified as a “traitor”. He was blamed for concluding a secret negotiation to bury uranium wastes in Mongolia with the Americans and Japanese and claimed to have received generous bribe for this. Actually, no such thing has ever happened. No such explicit and secret negotiation were conducted anywhere. This was a deliberate policy not to have uranium exploration in Mongolia and agitate Mongolians enough to chase foreign investors through rumors and slanders. The open financier was a Japanese citizen with Korean ethnicity. It is possible that Russians may have commissioned all this. This attempt to chase out foreign investors from Mongolia was overwhelming and achieved huge and unexpected success. Member of the Party and comrade Zandanshatar Gombojav is a very sensitive person who made his career from an economist of a state-run-collective farm to the Foreign Minister of Mongolia. He thinks that preventing foreign occupation in the motherland is his duty and named it the Foreign Policy of Mongolia. He began acting very rough towards American and Japanese officials, completely avoiding them.

If met by an accident, he acts as if he is barking at them. He widely promotes his behavior domestically. He put on a face of a patriot and initiated a law to stop and curb foreign investment in order to prove he had nothing to do with the uranium when the election was nearing. Who would not partner with him in this noble cause? There is another important patriot named Byambatsogt Sandag. Also Enkhbold Nambar, who led Mongolia’s foreign relations before Zandanshatar Gombojav. They all got together to develop a serious law to restrict foreign investment in the minerals sector and allow parliament to review each investment case and provide special permit. Inviting Batbayar Nyamjav, who is reportedly a specialist in such adventures, also had a purpose. This idiot is capable of doing anything. The draft law was reviewed and became more strict. Its scope covered telecommunication, banking and financialsectors. They locked the door of Mongolia and sealed it. Now, let us all enjoy behind that locked door for eternity. It did not take long for the results to emerge. Those who invested in Mongolia began to run away quickly. Those who planned to invest realized that they will be robbed and escaped too. Mongolia’s export plunged 60 percent within a short time and the economy began to deteriorate.

Mongolia was announced as a country with the most unreliable investment environment. According to experts, Mongolia was forecasted to go bankrupt in 2013. It is possible as 90 percent of its revenue sources are locked and sealed off. This was done by the law. Large companies, which already invested, have froze their assets. Western companies like “Rio Tinto” and “Centerra Gold” and “South Gobi“ froze all their activities fearing further risks. Activities of domestic producers weakened and many were shut down. Cash flow was disrupted in the country. Construction, communication and other business sectors began to fall on their knees regardless of their size. I even heard that snuff tobacco box sellers complained about low price of snuff boxes because of coal. Thisis not the first or last example of how unaccountability hurts and damages national economy and even deteriorates further. Somebody initiated a madness to distribute cash before 2004 election and he was even proud of this. Further on, this became like a socialist competition. Cash incentive was initially started with a naive name ”incentive for children”, then it covered marriage and biological phenomenon of giving birth and then ended up with cash distribution for old people and public. Several billions of USD were spent on cash incentive.If it was used for infrastructure, education and economic reform, Mongolia would have been a different country today. Everybody says let us not depend on mining, let us develop other economic sectors. Money is the foremost requirement to do that. How are we supposed to develop other sectors when the mining sector is being blocked at its peak, draining all the revenues down the sink and publicly partying with what little remains.

• Rumors and slanders about burying uranium wastes were a deliberate policy on chasing foreign investors.

• Some patriots' law that covered telecommunication, banking and financial sectors closed the door of foreign investment for Mongolians.

• When Mongolian economy was saturated with cash and was developing to a new height, 68 percent windfall tax law was approved.

When Mongolian economy was saturated with cash and was developing to a new height, 68 percent windfall tax law was approved. It brought almost no revenue; however, it became a giant measure to scare away foreign investors. The outcome of this law emerged quickly and in 2007, the number of foreign invested companies dropped by 20.9 percent. Then there was the 2008 crisis. Also, production and sales of some commodities like gold criminalized. Initiator of this law is not a sane person. That insane person planned to raise USD 1.5 billion government bond with a high interest rate without any clear plan, creating a long queue outside his office asifit is his own. He spoke about supporting his former party of Mongolian National Progressive Party and reviving the faction, as well as cutting economic ties with Seoul, saying Koreans are abusing our women. It is reported that he said the bond was sold successfully because he held a fire worshipping ceremony and called for the public to organize fire worshipping ceremonies. He even said foreigners do not know how to make economic estimation and said they should learn from his daughter. He said he found this great idea while surfing yahoo search and said he will test it in Mongolia.

This is not a funny conversation of a psychiatric hospital. It was not even a joke. This was a serious talk held in Mongolia’s legislative body, a place where state policy is determined and wealth is distributed! All this crazy actions ranging from Law on Strategically Untouchable Deposits, which damaged the whole economy, to Law on Banning Immorality and Licentious Activities, Law Against Alcoholism and Smoking, Law on Pressuring Rich and Taxing their Savings, Law on Taking Care of Old and Children and Law on Cash Distribution and Awarding Marriages in order to support population growth were originated from his asylum. Initially, these acts looked very fair and patriotic. But in reality, these were the nonsenses that attacked emerging democratic system and pushed the public to commit illegal actions and caused enmity among social classes. Responses to these nonsenses were also very simple. Is it right to drink vodka; why can we not love our motherland; justice should be protected; are you going to turn your daughter into a prostitute etc. Some keen-eyed people see that the percentage of insane people in the Parliament rises after every election. That is in terms of medical science. Those stupid, rude and ignorant people who likes to become lawmakers repeatedly under the ”justice” mask are filling up the top legislative body. Initially, there were only one or two such people and then, they multiplied and became a group.

Maybe, the “Egiin river power station’s 13” were the first of such group. The next was the group of people who persuaded Oyun Sanjaasuren, who was abroad for many years and did not know much about domestic situation, to form a separate political party by saying “we saw how the democratic party members killed your brother with our own eyes” and played their politics. Groups after that had a purpose of competing with corruption,stealing for their own benefits rather than for political purposes. It is common to use naive idiots who have mental problems or want to be loved by the public in such manners. About dozen companies who faced a huge loss by investing in mining deposits figured out a way to get compensation from the State. They drafted a law on banning exploitation of earth along river basins and gave it to an idiot of a lawmaker. According to this law, the state will be responsible for the losses. Hundreds of licenses were suspended. Even companies from Gobi desert became eligible to be included in this on their own request under the pretext that there could be water and spring under the Gobi soil. Compensations for these companies reached USD 8 billion, which exceeds the GDP at the time. That so-called patriot who submitted this law, is the one who cut down and exported trees from Tuj pine forest to the People’s Republic of China. Do you remember those people who show up every night on TV talk show program “never ending conversation”?

They repeatedly talked about isolating this country from the rest of the world and harming the economy and not accumulating the revenue and distributing it for several years sounded like sophisticated plan of countries that are hostile to Mongolia. At that time, they were just hoping to become a mere lawmaker. However, after the election, they all got promoted to administrators of the State Budget. Promise is a promise. The man who became the mining minister immediately announced that foreigners will be chased out from Mongolia in order to realize his pledge and this was immediately translated into 23 languages of the world. It set a new record for the Mongolian literature. The book “Mongolian secret history” being translated into 13 languages is now an old record. Mongolian Parliament pays too much attention to minor issues from time to time; for instance the Parliament held serious discussions over the President Ochirbat Punsalmaa’s choice of word “luxurious” during a party, and MP Ganbold eating a head of sheep in front of foreigners during one reception. However, they were silent when mental asylum patients repeatedly defiled the economy of Mongolia. Parliament is a place where they can do anything they want. In his “Divine Comedy”, Dante wrote “the hottest places in hell are reserved for those who, in time of great moral crisis, maintain their neutrality. Many lawmakers who are sane, have good education, and considered just by the public, sits idly when laws and regulations that could harm the country is being passed by idiots although they have sworn duty before the public. If what Dante said was true, these sinners will go to the cruelest places from the three chambers of the hell.

2013.5.5


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MPP board approves to oust Mayor of UB Batbold Sundui

​MPP board appoints Ulaan Chultem as Minsiter of Food​

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Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) board held a meeting yesterday and decided to oust Mayor of Ulaanbaatar city and Governor of Capital City Batbold Sundui and approved the appointment of MP Ulaan Chultem as the Minister of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry. At the forum, Prime Minister announced that he will dismiss several key officials related to alleged MNT 60 billion sell-off of public service positions. Several policy makers, including Parliament Speaker Enkhbold Miyegombo, Mayor Batbold Sundui and Head of MPP caucus Khayankhyarvaa Damdin were reportedly related to the case. The case began during the 2016 Parliamentary elections when a voice recording of three high-profile officials of the MPP went viral on social media. In the recordings, more than 8,000 jobs in Mongolia’s government and stateowned enterprises were being offered by the MPP if they won the elections, in return for the money required for their campaign.

MPP caucus request Congress to be held within November 20

Majority of the MPP board members were in favor of ousting the Parliament Speaker and Mayor of Ulaanbaatar city. After the voting, MPP board decided to remove Mayor Batbold Sundui. The decision will be discussed by the Citizens’ Representative Khural soon. Respecting the decision, Mayor Batbold expressed that he is ready to dismiss from the position. Regarding the ministerial position opened after the ousting of Batzorig Batjargal, who got involved in the Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SME) Development Fund scandal, the board of MPP agreed on appointing MP Ulaan Chultem. Additionally, Head of MPP caucus Khayankhyarvaa delivered a notice to Prime Minister on holding certain Parliament members involved in the SME Development Fund scandal accountable for. He demanded to dismiss those MPs if proven to have embezzled the loans received from the fund through non-banking financial institutions, which is currently under investigation, and hold the MPP Congress within November 20 to discharge MPP board members involved in the embezzlement. He further criticized the PM Khurelsukh for his attempt to dissolve the Parliament, deeming it irresponsible, and held discussion on ousting the PM.

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Second neighbor and her “enemies” Part-1

​Mongolia's independence remained intact as China survived tension with Soviets​

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PART ONE. FROM SINGLE NEIGHBOR TO SECOND NEIGHBOR

Rumors and slogans about China’s threat to Mongolia’s independence and their invasion are nothing new. History proves that one of our neighbors used others to install fear and threat to establish full political control over Mongolia. People’s Republic of China as we know of today got established in 1949. I believe it was called the 25th dynasty that was established in former Nangiad area. Continuing the policy of Chiang Kai-shek, who approved the independence of the People’s Republic of Mongolia, China established an embassy in Ulaanbaatar. As such, Mongolia, who made enemies with every country in 1928 and had no foreign partners except from the Soviet Union, expanded their foreign relations. Inherently, it is hard to call the relations dictated by the Soviet Union as a “foreign relation”. Because the Soviet Union’s law has went into force in Mongolia, which ultimately resulted in beheading of several people including the then head of state Genden Peljid and Prime Minister Amar Anand under the Soviet laws. Even in 1945, it was not Mongolians who initiated to expand foreign relations, instead the Soviet approved Ulaanbaatar to develop relations in the socialist camp within the Soviet zone. It simply means that the Soviets allowed Mongolia to have relations with Mao’s China, who decided to establish communism same as them. At the time, Choibalsan Khorloo signified the fact that China approved Mongolia’ independence in a perspective that Mongolia’s independence now has support from two countries instead of one.

Proving this point, Baabar wrote, “If China was not there, Mongolia would have faced the same fate as the Buryats. If the Soviet was not there, Mongolia would have faced the same fate as the Inner Mongolians.” Choibalsan, who understood the process as the actualization of Mongolia’s independence, widely celebrated the 1946 Naadam, marking the “25th anniversary of People’s Revolution”. He invited several high-profile guests from the Soviet and China, celebrating with the public and even personally participating in archery. Because the anniversary was truly the celebration for Mongolia’s independence and for Choibalsan’s group, it was the celebration for their GREAT STRUGGLE that sailed through the bloods of monks and royals… It was the celebration for our independence. Numerous evidence proves that the Marshal General Choibalsan gave great significance to the celebration and was very excited for it. However, he may have been troubled by many other things that did not go as he expected. Even the morning began with a misfortune. A picture of him scolding his successor Tsedenbal Yumjaa for being hungover after a long night of drinking was archived. He was planning to organize a parade like the one organized at the Red Square in 1945 and receive a report from a parade commander; however, General Mijid, who played the role of General Georgy Zhukov that handed out the report at Red Square, fell of his horse during the Parade.

Because he got humiliated in front of the public during an actual parade after becoming an “actual” country, the Marshal presumably chased after Mijid at dinner in an attempt to slash him with a sword. It got worse when a guest from Tuva Togoo Salchig brought up the issue of the remaining territory of Tuva. He slapped across the face of President of Tuva Togoo and chased him off. He did realize that Salchak Kalbakkhorekovich, officially known as Toka will sell him off to Kremlin. As such, he began disregarding Stalin since he accomplished his goal. He may have thought, “We did what the comintern told us, killing our friends and family just for this day. Enough is enough. Comintern happened already, we no longer need them.” He deemed it unnecessary to pay his respect to the great leader of the world revolution Joseph Stalin’s 70th birthday. Although his dream was fulfilled, his desire was far from over. Soviets, who predicted Choibalsan’s actions beforehand, already prepared a new leader for the Mongolian People's Republic since 1930. It is said that he was surprised when Moscow introduced the new prince of Mongolia Tsedenbal Yumjaa to him. Not only was he surprised, he was mortified to hear his new successor talk about dissolving the country and merging it with the Soviet Union, telling his partisan friend Bumantsend, “We have failed to prepare our new generation” in both anger and sorrow.

PART TWO. "FOE" FRIEND

Choibalsan, who made an assumption too early, got called to Moscow for a therapy and passed away on a surgery table in 1952 during a fasting on the eve of Mongolia’s traditional celebration of lunar month. It is strange how a marxist leader at the time Tsedenbal was better than Marshal when it comes to trusting Mao’s China. At his order, the Mongolian People's Republic dismantled border troops in 1950-1960, leaving the border unguarded. Hundreds of households migrated to Bayan-Ulgii aimag from Xinjiang as a result.

• Marshal General Choibalsan disregarded Stalin after accomplishing his goal.

• Tsedenbal was better than Marshal when it comes to trusting Mao’s China.

• An atrocious legacy from this period was the groundless hate towards China.

Tsedenbal may have thought integrating countries do not need borders as China’s adoption of communism means to join the Soviet Union. Maybe his thoughts did not play a part, instead it may have been the Soviets that told him so, or he understood it that way when they said something else. In response to Marshal Choibalsan’s caution towards China’s presumptuous migration, he explained that there is nothing to fear since they too were installing communism. The relations between the Soviet and China got tense shortly after. Chinese leader Mao Zedong started to express that although China was establishing communism, he is not someone who would serve Kremlin and be controlled by Moscow. As a matter of fact, three volumes on the history of Republic of Mongolia were published a few years apart in 1960’s. Ideologically distorted conclusions aside, it was the first modern scientific history ever published in the XX century. Not many people know about the Mongolia-Soviet-China science academies were planning to co-publish this history book. However, not to mention that the co-publishing was cancelled, the history book included hate towards the southern neighbor due to the tension. Initially, Chinese Prime Minister at the time Zhou Enlai, who negotiated with Tsedenbal on setting borders in 1962, once warned that a tension will rise with the relations with the Soviet, expressing that the relations between Mongolia and China should not have to tarnish because of it and that Mongolia can hold a neutral policy. At least the Mongolian side did not say “scram” in response. Because he had received a command to cut ties with Beijing from the north. Since then, he ended the cold war as a notorious hater of China, getting complimented by the Soviets.

PART THREE. "FRIEND" FOE

The loathsome rumors about Chinese invasion was surfaced at this exact moment. For the Republic of Mongolia, who cut ties with China, the Soviet was now the only ally. They no longer had the guts to defy their only partner. If they did, the Soviets would simply threaten China’s invasion. The public already had the fear that a “monster” will invade if they offended Soviets in any way, bearing everything the Soviets threw at them. A hideous condemnation of “tarnishing Mongolia-Soviet friendly relations” or “attempting to deteriorate” was added to the official sentence of the state. Many state or party figures were victimized because of it. An atrocious legacy from this period was the groundless hate towards China and practices of making everything right by simply taunting them and on the contrary, humiliating everyone who were logical towards the attitude as Chinese half-breed and/or spy. But the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic remained intact because China survived the tension between Zhongnanhai palace and Kremlin. Soviet-China relations began to improve since the mid-1980’s and Moscow made several attempts involving the Mongolian People's Republic to confirm their interest in strengthening ties with China. Due to the inability to understand the new international environment, Tsedenbal, who thought that “being against China will satisfy the Soviets”, was dragged into these attempts. It is said that, because of his old beliefs, he chased off Chinese people in Ulaanbaatar in 1983, tainting Beijing-Moscow relations, which was just beginning to improve.

Beijing immediately sent a messenger to Moscow (not Ulaanbaatar) and demanded them to refrain from two-faced friendship talks while threatening through Tsedenbal. After receiving the protest note from Beijing, Moscow sent a special mission to Ulaanbaatar. The mission consisted of newly appointed Ambassador Sergei Pavlov and new advisor from KGB Vsevolod Radchengo. Mr. Radchenko, in his book “главная профессия-Разведка” or “Main profession-Intelligence”, wrote about how “The whole procedure of removing Tsedenbal from his position and personnel changes in leadership were highly appreciated by political analysts and senior management, both in Ulaanbaatar and Moscow.” As such, Kremlin, in an attempt to set things straight with Beijing, ripped Tsedenbal from his authority in 1984 for offending China by chasing them off. With an aim to begin a new era of Soviet-China relations, the Soviets decided to withdraw 100,000 soldiers that were stationed in the Republic of Mongolia. According to the same old rules, everything was decided in Moscow and was informed to Mongolians afterwards. Some officials of the Mongolian People's Republic, who heard the news about removing Tsedenbal, were nervous to inform him. They heard about the news only when Mikhail Gorbachev made an announcement about the withdrawal of Russian troops in 1989. Mongolia had two neighbors once again after the mid-1980’s and managed to create third neighbors in connection to the collapse of global socialist system, dissolution of the Soviet Union and temporarily weakened monitoring of Kremlin.

Second part of the article will be published on November 19, Monday.

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Policy-makers warn mineral price drop in 2019

​Budget Stability Council suggests Govt to select small number of projects next year ​

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Bank of Mongolia has informed of a potential risk of weaker foreign trade conditions following a likely chance of slump in prices of Mongolia’s main export goods, namely copper, iron ore and coal. On the contrary, Mongolia's main import commodity, oil price is set to further increase in 2019. National Budget Stability Council explains that this could create unsatisfactory situation for budget revenue, which is the main risk for the economy. Davaasambuu Dalrai, Head of the council, warned that the lesser revenue will limit expenditure, ultimately obstructing planned projects. “In order to avoid potential risk of deadlock in multiple projects, the Government should choose a small number of reliable and necessary project,” suggested Mr. Davaasambuu. Ministry of Finance, on the other hand, determined price swing as the key potential risk in the budget revenue. For instance, the trade war between the U.S and China, the U.S sanction on Iran, economic crisis in Turkey and China’s policy on reducing iron production within the frame of reducing air pollution in Beijing caused instability in mineral prices since July.

Economist Enkhbayar Namjildorj remarked, “On the external side, the market demand of purchasing country, coupled with weak commodity prices remain are the key risks, while the internal risk is the domestic capabilities of developing the infrastructure.” The 2019 State Budget states to raise one-third of budget revenue from mining industry. Around 86 percent of mining revenue is expected to account for copper and coal exports. Specifically, balanced price of coal was estimated at USD 75.9 per ton and copper - USD 6,222 per ton. Additionally, the experts of International Monetary Fund, World Bank, National Reserve System of Australia and Bloomberg forecasted coal price to remain stable at 2018 level of USD 202 per ton. Amar Lkhagvasuren, Economics Officer at the Asian Development Bank Mongolia, highlighted, “Investments on Oyu Tolgoi is one of the key support for the economy. In the first half of this year, OT investments made up 12 percent of economic growth. Delay in schedule or obstruction of any kind will obviously have significant impact on the economy.”

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DP caucus asks President to veto 2019 Budget Bill

​DP members calls for President to veto 2019 State Budget bill​

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Following the ratification of the draft bill on 2019 State Budget last friday, the President may put a veto on the decision as he previously requested the Parliament to cut expenditure. Although some of his requests, such as allocation to child protection activities, were fulfilled, the Parliament approved MNT 47 billion allocation for Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SME) Development Fund, which drew public attention as several parliament members (MPs) allegedly tapped high-sum loans at low interest rate. Another key request addressed by the President during the budget discussion last month was to cut budget expenditure by around 15 percent; however, the Parliament adopted the bill without any significant change at MNT 1.9 trillion in deficit. As for revenue, several MPs and experts criticized that the budget has an optimistic assumption. For instance, coal export, one of the key export items was forecasted at 42 million tons in 2019. Parliament members, including the Minister of Mining and Heavy Industry Sumiyabazar Dolgorsuren explained that the amount is attainable with the completion of infrastructure projects currently being implemented in the main coal export route. “The full repayment of the bonds will begin in 2021.

This will coincide with a decline in the commodities cycle. On top of it, the global economy might face an unprecedented crisis. It is hard to imagine what will happen if all these risks coincide. The Cabinet must forget about elections. It is time to focus on overcoming the looming risks,” previously stressed President Battulga during the discussion on budget bill. He also mentioned that the balanced revenue of the 2019 budget was estimated to increase by MNT 2.4 trillion, of which MNT 1.3 trillion of it would come from mining sector, which constitutes 53.1 percent of the total expected revenue. “In other words, over half of the budget revenue is projected to be generated by the most unwarranted revenue source-it is a risk that could create a big hole in the budget,” Mr. President remarked. With the current scandal around the SME Development Fund and on-going demonstrations against sudden jumps in fuel price and foreign exchange rate, local media outlets are claiming that the President will put veto on 2019 budget. Additionally, the Democratic Party faction in the Parliament, which announced to not attend Parliament sessions until SME Development Fund scandal is resolved, called for the President to veto the bill, blaming the Parliament for approving the budget without the presence of DP members yesterday.