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http://zgm.mn/post/4382/

Mongolian justice

Mongolian justice
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http://zgm.mn/post/4382/
  • There are an ample number of people who complain about everyday’s injustice subconsciously taking a victim’s stance
  • The winner would say “our judiciary system is really just’ whereas the other part would say “there is no justice”. The same with the VAT lottery draw: a lucky lot and the rest
  • To understand today's just we shall recall yesterday's just. When nobles and descendents of golden lineage had been slaughtered we called the state 'just'. When our property had been taken during wealth nationalisation, We had said our government was just

Being just is magnanimous. We all praise and value justice. Everybody considers her/himself the continuation of the ‘just’ and  a structural part of it. Whatever good deeds happen acknowledge it as the fruits of good deeds. A lottery winner tells ‘there is  justice’ implying the winner deserved the good fortune for being just. There are an ample number of people who complain about everyday’s injustice subconsciously taking a victim’s stance.We had a survey that purposefully asked what characteristics were important for decision makers. Our sociologists designed the survey to identify the clarity of the concept in population by numbering relevant terms in following order: a) Abiding the law b) Abstaining from stealing, b) being just. The majority of respondents think “no matter what, being just is the most preferable” characteristic for our parliamentarians. Does it mean, if a person is “just” on average, it is acceptable to breach the law and steal public money as s/he pleases? Or our SME supporting politicians have been just that is why they appropriated the public resource for themselves?  Yes, of course, being just is the most important characteristic, no matter what! Then what does constitute justice? It is not enough to  prefer the word alone. We try to be just and expect others to behave the same way. Then again what does this word mean? A well known Mongolian poet once wrote “Where is it, the paradise. Put on my hand and show it to me”. Likewise is there a solid form of justice, and is there a measurable definition? Life observation tells when there is a conflict between two, both parties have been fair to each other. On the other hand it can be interpreted as the whole situation is unjust. One of easiest to understand example is a court case: one wins the other loses the battle. The winner would say “our judiciary system is really just’ whereas the other part would say “there is no justice”. The same with the VAT lottery draw: a lucky lot and the rest. It brings us to the conclusion that the Mongolian concept for justice is somewhat vague and circumstantial. It is not directly related to observing the law and abstinence from stealing and lying. It seems that If a politician’s action or behavior accords with a voter’s personal preference, or says something she/he long time wanted to express, the politician is classified as being just. Here is the question: what is the correct definition of justice?There are plenty of words that describe individual positive characteristics in Mongolian. Calm, composed, trustworthy, reliable, decent, dutiful, good, well-behaved, mature, disciplined, thorough, faithful, balanced, imperturbable, upright etc. There are many more. Which one of those characteristics shall just a person possess? A common understanding is a calm person would be rarely defined as arrogant or trustworthy ones wouldn’t be described ignorant. There is no clear cut antonym to the just. Ascribing the concept of justice and fairness to a public figure or to any of his/her action immediately finds opponents, whereas there is no such great divide in opinions when applying personal characteristics such as ‘calm’, ‘mature’. It is because people tend to have common understanding about a person whom they have known well enough. In other words, it is an estimation based on average experience.I searched synonyms in English for this concept: truthful, honest, just, fair, Scrupulous all match to our concept of just, but each has a slight difference! Truthful means never lying and never stealing, honest means law abiding and abstaining from hypocrisy. Just is acting or being in conformity with what is morally upright or good (I personally think Batchuluun, the professor of Philosophy translates the word justice as right). Fair is when treating people equally without favouritism or discrimination, inclined to peace (fair competition) but not have to be just. Scrupulous is when a person is not only thorough but also keeps the promise and repays back debts. In Mongolian dictionary all these words mean ‘just’. It is not to say the concept in Mongolian has a wrong meaning. In modern Mongolian language all above words imply the concept of just/ice. The word derived from shudrakh, which means breaking through, getting to the end despite moral dilemma, implying shameless action.When we hear this verse,A short tailed grey horse Breaks through taiga (Cossack) Ataman Semyonov, a praised leade Governs me through. We imagine a purposeful horse, a Russiаn Don breed, going through dense forest despite tree branches stabbing its beautiful eyes. The rumor “he went through his friend’ means someone killed his close friend. Mongols say about the child who took candy without adult’s permission (social taboo) is being ‘just’ or a coworker who calls all the names while criticizing the boss as being ‘not worthy just a person’. These are the examples of the true meaning for Mongolian just. When someone says ‘S/he is just a person’ has a warning connotation. Prisoners have a term ‘just thief’, applicable to criminals who are not afraid of being caught afterwards. In the 30s of last century, the arrogant young people who were at the forefront of humiliating monks and destroying Buddhist temples have been described as just. The word used by the Communist party as a praise to glorify their action and by public to condemn. I believe since then the true meaning of the word became distorted. I say it as a person who reads written documents of that tumultuous time. The word has many meanings in modern Mongolian. Blatant statements like ‘Those who didn’t accept bribes and didn’t steal public money while working are looses” is a good example. Many times you hear this sentence. Over and over again. Everywhere. It hints, the person didn’t steal so for being just s/he is at the losing end. If the person did the other way around, stealing or accepting a bribe could be moral justification! Is it a grievance for not using an opportunity to steal or getting corrupt, or a complaint for not leaving for him/her to take? Even worse, blaming others for not taking ‘in’ ? All of the above may well have linguistic concerns. In reality, these are philosophical, moral, and ethical issues. Until now I wrote this long, in order to pinpoint how this distorted concept affects politics in our just society. To understand today’s just we shall recall yesterday’s just. When nobles and descendents of Golden Lineage had been slaughtered we called the state ‘just’. When our property had been taken  during wealth nationalisation, we had said our government was ‘just’. When an informant sent his/her best friend to a prison, we said he was 'just a citizen’. When an open minded individual sent to a labor camp we were praising our ‘just’ party. It is all in the past. Then now? We have a right to free vote to manage our nation. We all want to vote for a just individual. There is an enormous pile of just people who have been racing to demonstrate their own just. Competition for justice, apparently! The first thing, they call others on the race unjust, blaming for wrongdoings, considered if not a crime at least a morally wrong, unethical conduct. Sure thing, the others will repay in two folds, retaliating with heavier attacks General public sees it under two different angles. Firstly, people classify one who has a fewer number of wrong deeds as a just person. In other words, not the crow preyed on fewer eyes, but the loudest one became the saint, the god of all birds! (In English equivalent would be ‘A shallow brook babbles the loudest’. There is no questioning of how a public person accumulated wealth if it is shared with others. A thief possesses stolen money, not their own savings. Excited public praises the thief who gives back spare change for his/her just action. For a Westerner, it would be similar if a person walks in to the farm and collects season’s harvest without your permission then gives you back five dollar note to express gratitude! More just thieves steal public money more power they get. Once in authority they demonstrate how just they are! It is called Mongolian justice. This is the illustration of our concept of justice. For all! Just person and justice are most vaguely defined terms in modern Mongolian. As time passes, these terms, hence concepts blurred that much that today we call scumbags just, isn’t it? Just criminals have been going through just us. End of the day, if we do not change these scumbags never going to change. The way to get rid of these parasites is we need to clarify our understanding of just and review our concept of justice. Once upon a time, justice meant holy or virtuous. Nowadays, we are in distorted reality of justice. Lest look for just!


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Mongolia's SMI shows upward tend in may

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  • This was mainly due to the rapid recovery in the Business Confidence Index last month

Mongolia’s Sales Managers’ Index (SMI) is moving upward to a positive trend in May, according to the World Economics. This was due to the rapid recovery in the Business Confidence Index last month. However, the index remains below 50 points. Other key indicators show a slight improvement in the Sales Growth Index, while the Jobs Index shows weak demand. Mongolia’s economy has been hit hard by the pandemic, which was triggered by a temporary stagnation in China’s economy. As China opens up its economy, and many factories become more able to produce at nearly full capacity, the economy of Mongolia is following suit and responding positively. There is some way to go before the trend lines indicate renewed growth, but all indexes suggest the economy is moving in a positive direction, highlighted the World Economics. Mongolia is ranked 81 among 190 economies in the ease of doing business, according to the latest World Bank annual ratings. The rank of Mongolia deteriorated to 81 in 2019 from 74 in 2018.

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BoP deficit reaches USD 665.4 million

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The foreign direct investment totaled USD 491.4 million, decreased by more than 20 percent year on year. The Bank of Mongolia (BoM) emphasized that the Oyu Tolgoi project made up more than 90 percent of the foreign direct investment as of the first quarter of the year.

In the first four months of 2020, the balance of payments (BoP) showed a deficit of USD 665.4 million. The BoP deteriorated by USD 988 million compared to a surplus of USD 322.9 million in the same period last year. As the balance of payments deteriorates, the current account balance deficits USD 389.6 million. At the end of April last year, the current account surplus was USD 689.3 million. Major exports fell sharply due to border restrictions imposed to prevent COVID-19 during the period. Specifically, coal exports at the end of May shrunk 2.6 times than the previous year. In terms of inflows, foreign direct investment totaled USD 491.4 million, which decreased by more than 20 percent year on year. The Bank of Mongolia (BoM) emphasized that the Oyu Tolgoi project made up more than 90 percent of the foreign direct investment as of the first quarter of the year.

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Coal export of SouthGobi Resources rises by 70% in May

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  • HSX listed SouthGobi Resources’ share price rose by 3.57 percent to HKD 0.58 as of Tuesday. Additionally, the company holds mining special licenses of Ovoot Tolgoi underground deposit

During May 1-28, coal export of SouthGobi Resources Ltd. amounted to approximately 0.17 million tons, an increase of 70 percent from the same period in April 2020. To preserve its working capital, SouthGobi had suspended the coal mining operations from February 11, 2020, but in the meantime, the company is continuing its coal blending operations. The company speculated that its existing coal inventories are sufficient to satisfy expected sales demand for at least two months as of the date hereof. SouthGobi had finalized a repayment agreement with one of its biggest suppliers in Mongolia and is discussing repayment agreements with other suppliers. The company is also in the process of finalizing a one-year extension of an existing bank loan in Mongolia to May 2021. HSX listed SouthGobi Resources’ share price rose by 3.57 percent to HKD 0.58 as of Tuesday. Additionally, the company holds mining special licenses of Ovoot Tolgoi underground deposit and Zag Suuj deposit which located in Umnugovi province and exports coal to China through Shiveekhuren border checkpoint. 

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Parliamentary election campaign officially begins

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  • Polling day of the election is scheduled to take place on June 24
  • The regulation specifies that parties, coalitions, and candidates shall organize any events, meetings with voters in online form during the election campaign

The chairperson of a party, coalition, and a candidate, shall be prohibited from participating in independent non-election programs and interviews from the beginning of the election campaign until the end of the voting process.

The parliamentary election campaign officially commenced on Tuesday amid the pandemic. According to the Law on Elections, the election campaign shall start from the day the candidate received an ID card and end 24 hours before the polling day or before 00.00 on the day before the polling day. The election polling is scheduled to take place on June 24. The chairperson of a party, coalition, and a candidate, shall be prohibited from participating in independent non-election programs and interviews from the beginning of the election campaign until the end of the voting process. The fine for violating certain rules is between MNT 20-200 million. During the 2020 Parliamentary Elections, polling stations will be decontaminated to prevent the spread of COVID-19 infection. About MNT 2.5 billion will be spent on providing protective equipment to employees. The government had also passed regulations on preventing infection during the election campaign. The regulation specifies that parties, coalitions, and candidates shall organize any events, meetings with voters in online form during the election campaign. If it is not possible to organize the event online, the meeting places shall be pre-cleaned, disinfected. Also, the distance between participants should be at least 1.5 meters, wearing masks. One-time meetings and gatherings will be held in the hall for a short time. In other words, it should not exceed two hours, according to the law.