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http://zgm.mn/post/1152/

President meets Putin and Xi: Gas pipeline cooperation affirmed

​Heads of State of Russia and China support establishment of gas pipe via Mongolia​

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http://zgm.mn/post/1152/


President of Mongolia Battulga Khaltmaa, yesterday, met with the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin and President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum, which will conclude today. One key topic at both meetings was the establishment of natural gas pipes, to which the two leaders agreed. During the meeting with his Russian counterpart, President Battulga mentioned his previous proposal on renewing the 1993 Agreement on Friendly Relations and Cooperation between Mongolia and Russia and establishing it without a defined term, and discussed the spendings of Russian RUB 100 billion soft loan on the reform of the Ulaanbaatar Railway Joint Venture and in energy sector and deepening the cooperation between the National Security Councils of the two countries, as well as adopting a revised cooperation plan. President Battulga also said that Mongolia was studying the possibility of accessing a port in the Far East, while making certain proposals, including establishing a joint working group to intensify the implementation of the Trilateral Economic Corridor program.

Furthermore, he made a proposal to cooperate on the establishment of the Northeast Asian super grid for energy and handed over an economic feasibility study related to the proposal and the projects to the Russian President. Russian President Vladimir Putin emphasized his satisfaction with the positive indicators in all areas of bilateral cooperation and economic growth in recent years and expressed interest to further intensify bilateral cooperation in agriculture, railway, and defense sectors. He then reiterated his support for the proposal of President Battulga on building the natural gas pipes between Russia and China via Mongolia. President Vladimir Putin said that the RUB 100 billion soft loan to Mongolia, which is currently under negotiations, can be used on the reform of the Ulaanbaatar Railway Joint Venture and a thermal power plant. The sides agreed to jointly celebrate the 80th anniversary of the Khalkha River Battle next year and organize a joint exhibition, produce a feature film and a documentary, and publish a book in the margins of the anniversary. Moreover, President Battulga invited President Vladimir Putin to pay a visit to Mongolia with the purpose of celebrating the anniversary together.

As for the bilateral meeting with his Chinese counterpart, President Battulga requested President Xi Jinping to support certain matters, including the establishment of the Northeast Asian Supergrid, construction of gas pipes cooperation on ranking the projects within the Mongolia-Russia-China Economic Corridor program, and value-added export of agricultural products. Also, President Battulga proposed to establish a joint working group to build a highway connecting Zamyn-Uud with Altanbulag. President Xi Jinping expressed his readiness to cooperate on complex reform of the comprehensive strategic partnership relations between the two countries, increasing bilateral trade turnover to USD 10 billion by 2020, railway construction, development of process manufacturing, and regional peace and security. President Xi Jinping supported the joint implementation of President Battulga’s proposals. Moreover, President Xi Jinping reaffirmed the invitation for President Battulga to make a state visit to China and attend the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in the first quarter of 2019. The Chinese side informed that it had accepted and will support a proposal on export of agricultural products from Mongolia to China, made by President Battulga during their last meeting in Qingdao.

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President pays his first state visit of this year to China

President to attend the BRI summit on April 26-28

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The President of Mongolia Battulga Khaltmaa is paying his first state visit to China of this year at the invitation of his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping. He is expected to visit the State Assembly on today and will take part in the high-level international meeting of Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) on April 26-28, reported the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The President is being accompanied by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia TsogtbaatarDamdin, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia to China, Deputy Speaker of the Parliament, Speaker of the Mongolian-Chinese Parliamentary Group in the Parliament, Minister of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry, Minister for Road and Transportation, Head of the Office of the President of Mongolia Enkhbold Zandaakhuu, Secretary of the National Security Council, representatives and working groups, and press releases representatives.

During his tenure, President Battulga Khaltmaa participated in several high-level meetings, twice in the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Shanghai Cooperation Summit last year, the Asia-Europe Summit in Belgium, and the World Investment Summit in Switzerland.

As a matter of fact, President Battulga addressed the issue of transit of natural gas pipeline connecting Russia and China at the East Asian Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Russia.

“The development of the relationship with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization will be a real challenge to the regional infrastructure,” he addressed when he previously participated in the Shanghai Cooperation Summit.


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Standing Committee discusses 2008 bill and postpones it

Working group established to revise bill on explosives

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The first discussion on the draft Law on the Supervision of Circulation of Explosives and Blasting Instruments submitted by Cabinet on December 04, 2008, and the draft Law on Allocation were held at the Standing Committees on Security and Foreign Policy yesterday.

As of today, there are 64 licensed entities importing, producing and selling explosives and blasting materials and the development of these products are likely to increase due to the need in the mining sector. However, the assessment on the consequences of the law does not specify the legal requirements for the licenses, or the professionally accredited bodies, and the functions of law enforcement agencies are not determined including the legal status of the law. It has a negative impact on the implementation of the law, the committee concluded.

Therefore, the majority of the members of the Standing Committee agreed to postpone the bill and decided to set up a working group.

At the standing Standing Committee meeting, the members also discussed the bilateral agreement between Mongolia and the Republic of Belarus on Friendly Relations and Cooperation.

The 2016-2020 Action Plan of the Mongolian Government states to extend traditional relations and cooperation with third neighbors and other countries. It also prioritizes the development of trade and economic relations. For this purpose, it is necessary to develop relations, cooperation, trade and economic partnerships with the Republic of Belarus, which is the main center of transit transportation that connects Mongolia with the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union, including our partnering countries in the region, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs emphasized.




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Upcoming bill prohibits underground water usage in mining

80 percent of Mongolia's water is supplied by 1.9 percent of the total reserves of groundwater

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The Parliament recently discussed the amendments to the Law on Water and other related bills. The draft specified the right to use water and prohibited the exploitation of underground freshwater for mining and industrial purposes.

Approximately 80 percent of Mongolia's water is supplied by 1.9 percent of the total reserves of groundwater and there are deficient legal and regulatory documents governing the use and protection of groundwater. Furthermore, the issue of regulating the relations between citizens, business entities, and organizations that are using underground water, as well as improving the monitoring and accountability of the groundwater is becoming a problem.

Also, it is important to prohibit the use of underground freshwater deposits in specific industries, to set abandoned bores, water use, and consumption priorities, to increase the right to the drinking water consumption of citizens, to increase the use of surface water and to define water scarcity levels. The draftsmen believe that there is a need for the socioeconomic necessity to create a legal environment for monitoring.

The draft law was postponed to proceed at the next session due to the failure to meet the quorum.


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Mongolian Foreign Policy: The story of seeking the third neighbor

After World War II, diplomatic relations between China and the Soviet Union was a major achievement for Mongolia.

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The sequel to No. 69 (1121)

The Third Neighbor initiative was continued after World War II. Although the Soviet Union from the north warned Mongolia to avoid having a third neighbor because of being a small country that was under the shadow of Russia. It was also possible to call on the approval of many other countries. It was seen at the end of Stalin's speech. He said:

When you are recognized internationally, your country is officially independent. There is nothing wrong with pursuing it. First of all, you should declare your independence from China. If your independence is accepted by China and is admitted by other countries, you will be able to attract the Inner Mongols, Tsakhar, and Barag. Then, they will know that Mongolia's true independence is in your hands.

You will be able to declare your independence from China when you are strong in the state. If so, imperialist nations such as Japan and England will try to accept you at your own initiative.

It should be noted that the Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference has played an important role in the third neighbor's policy of Mongolia. As a result of the following events, the People's Republic of Mongolia started to form an independent state as a de-jure in 1946. The Republic of China (ROC) recognized the independence of Mongolia on January 05, 1946 and established diplomatic relations on January 13, 1946. As for the Soviet Union, its de-facto approval was transformed into de-jure in 1945. It was the beginning of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance that two sides signed in Moscow on February 19, 1946.

From that point on, Mongolia returned to pursue its 1912 aspiration and began to seek diplomatic relations. It was an attempt to expand to a third neighbor.

The People's Republic of Mongolia has requested the Secretary-General of the United Nations to join the UN on April 19, 1946, and was invited to the UN Security Council meeting on August 28, 1945. At the meeting, British delegation Alexander George Montagu Cadogan made the following statement about Mongolia:

Mongolian People's Republic has diplomatic relations with only two countries, therefore, it does not have enough experience in international relations.

After a while, the Chief of Mongolia’s diplomatic office Tsedenbal Yumjaa opposed the statement at party activist meeting in Ulaanbaatar. He said:

The size of international relations is not a condition that can be considered to be a member of the United Nations or whether it is a necessity to be admitted membership in the UN.

The Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) meeting in 1948 discussed the issue of Mongolia's foreign relations in a wider frame for the first time. At that time, they noted that the party had the right direction of foreign policy. After World War II, the diplomatic relations between China and the Soviet Union was a major achievement for Mongolia. Afterward, it declared diplomatic relations with North Korea in 1948, and Albania in 1949. The number has increased to 12 after five years. It was a huge advance. For the number to reach two-digits, Mongolian politicians had suffered 40 years of torture, and at that time, they were thinking of a third neighbor.

Yalta Conference has played an important role in the third neighbor's policy of Mongolia

There was a speech at MPRP XII Congress (1954.11.19). "We are now marking peace, harmony and mutual respect all over the borders of the People's Republic." They considered the relationship with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the People's Republic of China (PRC), and the DPRK and remarked,

The Mongolian People's Republic is a strong part of the composition of the powerful democratic camps, with the establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Democratic Republics of the Europe, including People's Republic of Poland, People's Republic of Botany, Czech Republic, Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, Buryatia Republic, Roman Republic, Republic of Angola and the German Democratic Republic. We also maintain diplomatic relations with the Republic of Vietnam and focus on strengthening the relations.

In the mid-1950s, Mongolia had no idea of a diplomatic relationship beyond the socialist countries of the democracies, but in 1956, the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) declared the possibility of peaceful coexistence with countries of diverse people. The Mongolian Government has  started to seek a third neighbor without any hesitation.

The fact that “more than half the population of the humanity” and “the four continents of the population” were read as part of the ruling party's congressional speeches shows that diplomacy was being considered intently. The practice of declaring diplomatic relations as an important developmental progression, as it was known for its importance, continued for 30 years and remained until the 19th Congress of the MPRP (1986).

1958.03.17 - Part 1 of the "International Situation and People's Republic of Mongolia" report of Damba Dash's speech on the MPRP's conference evaluated the development of friendly relations with 12 countries including Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Democratic Germany, DPRK, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia. It read,

We declared diplomatic relations with the Republic of India, Burma and the Republic of Korea, and the Republic of Indonesia, complying the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, known as the Panchsheel Treaty, the base of the relationship between countries with different systems. Therefore, the People's Republic of Mongolia now has diplomatic relations with more than half the human population. The Mongolian People's Republic is ready to establish equal relations with other countries who are willing to maintain a further relationship with our country in order to ensure equality and mutual respect for the principle of peaceful coexistence without regard to social and political structures." However, the non-resident ambassadors were reported as diplomatic delegations. This is due to the lack of practice in international relations. In 1958, Mongolia began diplomatic relations with 15 countries.

Diplomacy in the principle of peaceful coexistence, regardless of social and political structures, has expanded considerably since the 1960s. In 1959, after the United Nations announced the 1960s as the "African Year," it established diplomatic relations with Guinea, Cambodia, and Cuba. In 1961.07.03, the MPRP congress said, "Now the People's Republic of Mongolia has diplomatic relations with 21 countries in the four continents."

To be continued...