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http://zgm.mn/post/2828/

Who is the victim of Khalkh river battle

Soviet loss was greater than the amount of Japanese damage in Khalkha River Battle

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http://zgm.mn/post/2828/


The 80th anniversary of the Battle of Khalkh River victory is approaching. We’ve never celebrated this day as widely as this time before. Scientists of Mongolia and Russia will hold a joint scientific conference and provide insights on the tactics that helped defeat the Japanese militants. Mongolian-Russian joint military exercise will take place on the occasion, along with the military parade. New Russian jets, fascinated by the world, will also fly across Mongolian blue sky, creating colorful smoke lines. Awesome! Unlike carbon dioxide emission which covers Ulaanbaatar in the winter, the smoke is totally unharmful. Also, the Alexandrov Ensemble, an official army choir of the Russian armed forces, will perform at the central square of the capital city. They might sing the song named “Victory Day” (День победы) which amazed the world. Marvelous! There’s a glorious Moiseyev Dance Ensemble, which has marked the 80th anniversary of its founding, the same with Khalkh river victory. The ensemble played their main performances during the war in Baikal, Far East, and Mongolia. They will probably show us the familiar Russian folk dance; dance with the military theme song “Katyusha”. The Russian ambassador has told about this specifically. After all these performances, Russian President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin will visit Mongolia.

Recently, the President of Mongolia visited Washington and signed a strategic partnership agreement with the United States. The Chief of Staff to the President of Mongolia mentioned Vladimir Vladimirovich’s visit at the time. According to him, the strategic relationship with Washington is not major, they have made grander plans for Russia, a comprehensive strategic partnership agreement. This is probably for the 80th Anniversary.

On the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the Khalkh River battle, the dear friend Vladimir Vladimirovich granted USD 10 million to a small soum where the battle took place. It will exceed the amount of money that is allocated from the state budget to the soum. Although it is the second biggest soum in Mongolia, its residents barely exceed one thousand (If the small soum receives about MNT 100 million (USD 40,000) from the state budget annually, this is the 250-year grant). 80 years ago when the war broke out, people dug the ground to build a lurking-place, leaving a hole. The financer would visit the place and see the trace of the hole, completely healed and filled with cement. Om the other hand, this is a peaceful creation. We will make a great effort at the celebration, preparing our best entertainment performance. Also, several monuments will be built and opening ceremonies will be held during the celebration. The participation of scientists, historians and politicians will be enormous. Although USD 10 million is not such a big number for Mongolia’s corrupt policymakers, it’s a considerable investment for the soum. The name Battle of Khalkh River has been widely known, but it was “upgraded” to the War of Khalkh River as policymakers felt it underestimated how grand the conflict was. However, the Battle of Stalingrad, the largest confrontation in human history is not referred to as the Stalingrad War, which makes sense.

How many people were killed in the battle is not certain

We’ve been celebrating the event of the Khalkh River Victory since 1969. The Soviet Union celebrated  the victory of the Great Patriotic War in 1965 for the first time at the initiation of Leonid Ilyich. Even Stalin and Khrushchev didn’t celebrate it. In 1969, Tsedenbal. Yu marked the celebration of the 30th anniversary of Khalkh River for the first time in Mongolia out of a mere need for a grand celebration. Initially, the event was modest, and as the years went by, the celebration expanded. Before he celebrated the 45th anniversary, Moscow dismissed him due to the state of his health. Since then, the anniversary has been slowly forgotten and in 1990, it went down to the level of academic and press conferences in which even Japanese attended.

Prime Minister Genden, Amar, and the Military Commander Demid paid the price with their lives of refusing to join the Khalkh River Battle. At least 30,000 people have died in preparation of the war. In the real battlefield, 237 soldiers were killed, of which one-third shot by the Soviet Red Army aircraft due to distrust and libel. And the other one-third was executed for they were wrongly suspected as Japanese intelligence agents.

The Japanese empire, headed by Araki, took control of Manchuria, Northeast of China and established the puppet state of Manchukuo in 1932. Russia also had its own puppet country named the People’s Republic of Mongolia (PRM). These territories were acquired when the Treaty of Russia-Japan was signed in 1907. Japan defeated Russia in 1905 and invaded the Far East. Military forces in government were divided into two strategic areas of expansion: to the South to extend into Australia and to Northern Territories to the Far East. It was increasing the chance to attack the Soviet Union.

When Mongolians protested against the social order and rebelled in 1932, Stalin forced to take control of Mongolia from the Comintern. In 1929, he was impressed by a note from a representative of the commissioners who arranged political reform. It had very pragmatic significance and it said: “The people of this savage civilization with 800,000 population are not important but the territory.” The PRM was a buffer zone that separated Russia from Japan and China. This zone must be fully charged against Japan and China. However, the Inner and Barga Mongols respected the Japanese as their liberators. The Japanese were well caring and supporting the modernization of their population. It could not happen in Mongolia.

Social groups of intellectuals and nobles lead society. Each of them was registered in 1934 and was killed in 1937-38. Everyone is Japan’s spy. Nearly 60,000 people were arrested, according to Choibalsan’s journal. 27,000 were shot by court order. However, no one knows how many of them have been illegally accused. There were only two types of sentences: execution and 10-year imprisonment. When it comes to 10 years of imprisonment, it means that it is a chance to survive. One arrestor was sentenced to spend 10 years in prison, because he said, “I’m a German spy, not Japanese. Hitler just gave an order and returned to the mission.” The survivors were only left with endless fear.

There were no border disputes between Barga and Khalkha since they are the same Mongolians, but in 1907, one became Japan’s territory and the other became Russia’s by the Secret Treaty. Stalin suddenly triggered a border dispute. Manchukuo, Japan, and the PRM began trilateral agreements many times in Manchuria. The Japanese expressed their willingness to accept the independence of the PRM but the two neighbors could not agree. The Deputy Prime Minister Sambuu led the agreement, and he was shot in Moscow. Border issues can not be agreed upon.

Stalin demanded Genden to place a red army in Mongolia. Genden and Demid, who knew what he was trying to do, had refused and asked for a weapon to settle the problem on their own. “Russia and Japan are about to fight in our land, which will not affect Mongolia and Manchukuo!”, Genden once said. Soon after the execution of Damdin, Genden was exiled and afterward shot to death on November 26, when he proclaimed the People’s Republic. On the Naadam Day, Prime Minister Amar was killed.

A large military force came in 1936-1937, without asking permission from the Mongolian government. When Marshal Konev wrote to Moscow, he said, “There was no house for a soldier, so I ousted five thousand monks from a large monastery called Choir.”

These facts have been revealed after 1990. Many documents of Japan, China, Soviet, Taiwan, USA, and Mongolia have begun to open as Mongolians happily celebrate the historic victory of the KhalkhRiver. Soviet-led forces in the Battle of Khalkh River, injured about 60,000 Japanese troops; Japan was about to conquer Mongolia and take control of the Trans-Siberian railroad, and the publications on the colonization of Mongolia were all false, according to the disclosed archive facts. Colonel-General G. Kregoshheev, who dug into Chita’s military archives, published a compilation of the book “Damage of Russia and the Soviet Union in the XX Century war”, indicating that Soviet loss was greater than the amount of Japanese damage in Khalkha River Battle. Stalin first used the Zhukov technique, which ignores human loss at the time. He also started the border dispute, and the battle was initially planned by Stalin. They noted Mongolians loss as a “1921 horse camel”. A fact is more important than truth.

In our military archives, the number of Mongolian soldiers killed was 237

In our military archives, the number of Mongolian soldiers killed was 237. Soviet bomber Airplanes miss-bombed Mongolian cavalry with a machine gun instead of Barga Mongols, firing around 90 soldiers. Only to cover this misunderstanding, the Soviet Union shot Luvsandonoi, the corpus commander, who led the Mongolian side at the Battle of Khalkh, and Chief of Staff Tseren in Moscow, accusing them of conspiring with Japan. As a result, many soldiers who were fighting at Khalkh River were killed, unfairly blamed as Japanese intelligence. How many people were killed in the battle is not certain. 6th and 8th cavalries attended from the Mongolian side in the battles. And they did not fight with the modern Japanese armed forces but fought with Barga Mongols from the Manchu side. The Barga Mongols did not help Japan, because they refused to fight against their brother nation.

The borderline of the Kwantung Army was a small force with no weapons of mass destruction. The commanders from Tokyo ordered them to resolve the border dispute of the Manchu and PRM and strictly prohibited violations of the Trans-Mongolian Frontier. Besides, General Komatsubara, who led the Japanese side at the Khalkh River, was a Soviet agent. Thus, historical scientist Bold Ravdan published many historical writings from the American and Taiwan archives with several other books. The facts are more important than the truth.

Researchers of the Moscow Institute of History A.Krushelnitsky, V.Vorobov and E.Trifonov have recently released a new document on the Battle of Khalkh River. Nepko publishing has published “The Battle of Khalkh: Who Won?”, complying some of their works. There are so many interesting facts that have not been mentioned before. Soviet forces prepared for battle long before the start of the Khalkh River Battle, equipping 32,000 troops and a wide range of techniques available in Mongolia. The Japanese troops did not violate the frontiers. Soviet spies disguised as Mongolian military, went to the border of Manchukuo to evoke dispute. Border disputes have been falsely aroused, and the Soviet military’s topography and cartography of borderline were wrongly made up on purpose. And so on. A fact is more important than truth.

Stalin is one of the most influential strategists in history. He defended the security of the Far East during World War II through the Battle of Khalkh River. With the Battle of the Khalkh River, the Soviet Union has made the PRM completely faithful to them without any opposition. Although Molotov temporarily lost his reputation during the Ribbontrop agreement, he gained the possibility to associate with Chinese Communists and Commandants who were fighting against Japan in the Battle of the Khalkh River.

During the World War, Japan was not as innocent as a lamb. It is one of the four major culprits (Japan, Germany, USSR, Italy) who nearly demolished the world. The Japanese, led by a cruel regime,  fought with China for eight years, bombed Australia, attacked Pearl Harbor, devastated Birm, and colonized Taiwan and Korea. They organized a butchering in Nanjing, operated a man-made laboratory in Manchuria, and tortured hostages in prison camps. Millions of people lost their lives in the war. Although 70-80 years have passed since the war, the Chinese and the Korean people still remember.

• New Russian jets, fascinated by the world, will also fly across Mongolian blue sky. 

• During the World War, Japan was one of the four major culprits who nearly demolished the world. 

• The Japanese people honored the straightforward and powerful history of the Mongols.

However, they did not intend to take over the PRM and were even willing to accept the independence of the country. They were very friendly to the Mongolian people who live in the territory of China. Particular attention was paid to the citizens to civilize and to protect them from China. The Japanese  people honored the straightforward and powerful history of the Mongols. At that time, Japanese people did not have any contact with Mongolia, but there was a highly developed Mongolian study.

Why dear friend Vladimir Vladimirovich declares war on the Khalkha River? What will it lead us to? The conflict between Japan and Korea has become Presidential issues. The long-going dispute between China and Japan is now becoming territorial disputes. The Japanese Prime Minister’s attempt to resolve the issue of the four islands was badly provoked. Trump declares the U.S government’s opposition to limit the short-and medium-range missile. Russia started to show off its enormous resources of nuclear weapons left behind by the Cold War.

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Amartuvshin: Mongolia’s economy is smaller

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The Boao Forum for Asia was held in Ulaanbaatar on August 19- 21, discussing several crucial issues in the region. Amartuvshin Otgondavaa, President of Mongolian National Chamber Of Commerce and Industry (MNCCI) gave a brief interview to talk about the significance of the forum and planned projects of the chamber.

-What was the chamber’s main role in the forum? What are the chances to enhance trade and economic cooperation in the region?

-In terms of population and increasing consumption, Asia is one of the important regions in the world. We should focus more on Mongolia’s participation in the region’s integration. Mongolia’s economy is smaller than the other countries in Asia. It’s important to invest in the mining industry effectively. Also, Mongolia can benefit from economical integration through developing the other sectors, including, education, health, IT, and agriculture.

-Recently, some mining companies’ licenses were revoked. What is your opinion on this?

-It’s about lacking connectivity between the government and local entities. And investment needs time. Instead of interfering with mining companies, the government should improve its connectivity with middle-level administrations of the provinces. Private entities are not responsible for the order that has been made already. On the other hand, it’s not right to blame the entire business sector for the illegal activities of a few companies.


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Market value up 4.83 percent in H1

Government securities trading 8.76 percent of the total trade

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Market value increased by 4.83 percent, to MNT 2.6 trillion in the first half of 2019. Total of 376.9 million shares worth MNT 82.3 billion was traded at the primary and secondary market in the reporting period. 79,800 government securities worth MNT 7.9 billion were traded Trade at the Mongolian Stock Exchange (MSE) totaled MNT 90.2 billion, increasing by MNT 12.1 billion or 16.1 percent compared to the same period of last year. Stock trading accounts for 91.24 percent or MNT 82.3 billion, government securities trading 8.76 percent or MNT 7.9 billion of the total trade.

The MSE has registered 4 new securities companies in the reporting period, and trading in the primary market totaled MNT 42.5 billion, three times higher than the same period of last year. In order to ensure compliance with the obligations of registered companies, MSE excluded 22 companies from registration due to non-performance of their obligations under the law.

Even though the primary market trade for Government securities was not active, MNT 994.4 million of income was generated and cost reached MNT 716.9 million, totaling the net income at MNT 277.4. In its financial statements, the deficit of MNT 204.6 million has been confirmed as a pre-tax loss. Compared to the same period of the previous year, total revenue increased by 25.3 percent, trading fee income sore by 34.6 percent and fee service fee grew by 24.6 percent respectively. A total of MNT 274.9 million were spent on the state budget which is 25.1 percent higher than the previous year.

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Petro Matad caps permitting progress for Mongolia wells

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Mongolian oil explorer Petro Matad Ltd has completed all processes for obtaining the land permits for the Heron and Gazelle well sites. The company is now waiting for the final signature from the local governor to allow the permits to be issued.

In the meantime, operations are continuing as normal at the Heron well site and based on current performance the drilling and logging of Heron-1 are forecast to be completed around 9 September, Petro Matad said.

The company’s operations at Red Deer are proceeding as planned, with the well reaching its intermediate casing point and preparations underway to drill the next section.

The Heron, Gazelle and Red Deer wells are all situated in block XX in eastern Mongolia. Shares in Petro Matad were up 4.5 percent at 7.52 pence on Tuesday in London.

Petro Matad is the parent company of a group focussed on oil exploration, as well as future development and production in Mongolia. At the current time, Petro Matad holds 100 percent working interests and the operatorship of three Production Sharing Contracts with the Government of Mongolia. Block XX has an area of 10,367 square kilometers in the far eastern part of the country, and Blocks IV and V have an area of 29,062 square kilometers and 21,143 square kilometers, respectively, in the central-western part of the country.

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Service sector spurs economic growth

Competition in the trade and services sector has been rising rapidly

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Mongolia’s GDP growth is showing good performance in 2019, as the service sector improves. Competition in the trade and services sector has been rising rapidly, and demand for human resources in the field is increasing. As the players grow, new management, quality of service and standard is approaching the world standard step by step. Public service, hotel, and domestic trade that are included in the service sector have increased, according to the National Statistics Office (NSO).

Trade revenue totaled MNT 10.8 trillion in the first half of 2019

In particular, trade revenue totaled MNT 10.8 trillion in the first half of this year, up 23.1 percent over the same period of last year. The retail sector, particularly, online retailing is expanding its scale in the market.

Following the downturn in mining commodity prices, the hospitality industry, especially the foodservice revenue drops. However, it increases as coal prices improve. For example, in the first half of this year, the catering industry’s income reached MNT 217.3 billion, up by 15.6 percent compared to the same period of the previous year. Also, the restaurant revenue grew by MNT 22.6 billion in the reporting period, triggering the GDP to increase.

The industry revenue for hotels rose 40.7 percent, to MNT 66.4 billion in the second quarter of 2019. The number of visitors reached 372,000, up by 70,000 over the previous year. There has been a growth in the hospitality industry in 2018, and this has also shown an increase, supporting the economy.